The island of Cyprus is located at the crossroads of sea trade routes connecting Europe and Asia. In ancient times, the island was a place of rest and trade for merchants following in the continents of Asia and Africa.
Later the island was used as a transshipment port for the Crusaders who fought for the holy land. The island witnessed many historical events that had influenced it’s history, culture and modern appearance.
Wth its clean ecology, untouched nature and endless sandy beaches, the island deserves the name – “Pearl of the Mediterranean”. If you want to admire the pristine pine forests, mountain ranges, the unique endemic flora and fauna that you can see only here, as well as having a great time sunbathing and swimming in the Mediterranean sea, you ought to choose North Cyprus.
The geographical position of Northern Cyprus on the world map is unique, because it hase a very short distances between the nearest countries for example 75 km from Turkey, 105 km from Syria and 380 km from Egypt. The total area of Cyprus Island is 9,251 km ², Northern Cyprus is 3,355 km ².
The landscape of Northern Cyprus is characterized by a unique combination of beaches, plains and mountains. The long northern coast rests on the mountain range of Kyrenia or Beshparmak (five fingers), forming a stunning backdrop with its wooded slopes and magnificent peaks.
The highest peak of the mountain range is called Selvili Tepe at 1024 m. The lush always green flora of the island is inhabited by rare species of birds and butterflies. In the island grows a huge number of flowers that have no analogues in the Mediterranean, and also on the island are growing 19 species of endemic plants, which you can find only here.
Northern Cyprus has a very mild climate, with warm dry summer and mild winters. The island has 300 sunny days a year in avarage. August is the hottest month of the year and the temperature ranges from 21 ° C to 45 ° C. January and February are the coldest months, and the average temperature for that period is 10 ° C. Thanks to the abundant rains in the winter, the nature of the island wakes up, a huge number of flowers and plants blossom.
The official language in TRNC is Turkish, but English is also widely spoken in all spheres of society. Most Turkish Cypriots are Muslims, but in their majority, Turkish Cypriots rarely visit the mosque. Basically, the islanders lead a European way of life.
TURKISH CYPRUS CUISINE
Turkish Cypriot cuisine is unique. The locals like to eat delicious and varied choice of food. The traditional cuisine of North Cyprus is tasty and healthy. When local cooks prepare dishes, they are using many fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs which grows on the island in abundance. Turkish Cypriot cuisine is the combination of the Mediterranean, Turkey and the Middle East. You can always buy fresh grocery in local supermarkets and markets. Each city once a week has grocery market where producers of olive oil, cheese, and other products along with vegetable growers bring fresh fruits and vegetables to sale.
North Cyprus can be divided into five regions that have their own unique features:
1. Nicosia or Lefkosia or Lefkoşa are all the names belonging to the one city, the capital of Cyprus. Nicosia is a business center where the state institutions are located. However, nowhere else you will be able to see such a combination of architectural styles and historical sights. It is the only city where Greek architecture adjoins with the Turkish, Venetian and the English colonial buildings. There are many museums in the city that are worth to visit.
2. The port city of Girne (Kyrenia), with an old fortress erected by the Venetians and a harbor is located at the foot of the Kyrenian mountains. The city has preserved the authenticity of architecture and Mediterranean style. For its residents and guests of Kyrenia offers many attractions. For those who likes shopping there are many shops available. Cafes and restaurants, always offer the most delicious Mediterranean cuisine prepared from the most freshe organic products grown in North Cyprus.
3. Karpaz Peninsula, located in the east of the island and is a natural reserve, where any construction is prohibited. On the territory of the monastery of St. Andrew, there is a Orthodox service held on Thursdays. Karpaz is famous for its endless sandy beaches stretching for many kilometers long.
4. Famagusta or Gazimagusa is a port city located on the east coast of the island. The city is surrounded by endless beaches, five-star hotels and ancient ruins. The creation of the fortress, which is located in the old part of the city, This is where the famous Othello’s tower is.
5. Guzelyurt (Morphou)is the citrus capital of the island. The lion’s share of mandarins, oranges, lemons is grown right here, but apart from citrus, here, you can also find many historical sights. For example, the ruins of the port city of Soli and Vouni Palace are located exactly in the territory of Guzelyurt.